Urinary Incontinence

What is urinary incontinence?
Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence is characterized by the inability to control the flow of urine from the bladder. It causes the involuntary leakage of urine. It means a person urinates when they do not want to.

The control over the urinary sphincter is either lost or weakened. In some cases, you may empty your bladder’s contents completely. In other cases, you may experience only minor leakage. The condition may be temporary or chronic, depending on its cause.

How bad is my urinary incontinence?

Mild: Occasional (coughing, sneezing, etc.), pads not indicated

Moderate: Spontaneous; pads indicated; limiting instrumental activities of daily life (preparing meals, managing money, shopping, doing housework, and using a telephone).

Severe: Intervention indicated (clamp, collagen injections); operative intervention indicated; limiting self-care activities of daily life (eating, dressing, getting into or out of a bed or chair, taking a bath or shower, and using the toilet).

How to manage mild urinary incontinence?
  • Limit consumption of coffee and alcohol.
  • Avoid foods (dairy products, citrus fruits, sugar, chocolate, soda, tea, and vinegar) that can irritate the bladder..
  • Wear an absorbent pad inside your underwear or disposable incontinence underwear.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Physical therapy can help control your bladder. Kegel exercises help to strengthen the muscles that hold in urine. Electrical stimulation is used to strengthen muscles.
  • Certain medications can help control your bladder
  • Medical devices can help with bladder problems. A pessary is worn in the vagina to support the bladder.
  • A vaginal cream with a low dose of estrogen can help with damage caused by menopause.
  • Using a small, thin tube called a catheter through the urethra and into the bladder can help control leaks.
How to manage moderate and severe urinary incontinence?

Seek, immediate medical attention if you experience:

What causes urinary incontinence?

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