Infertility in females

What is infertility in females?

Infertility in females is a condition where a woman is unable to get pregnant and successfully give birth. Many cancer treatments (chemotherapy, radiation therapy) can cause infertility in females. Your doctor will explain to you whether or not cancer treatment may lower fertility or cause infertility.

How bad is infertility in females?

Mild: Nausea, irregular periods: infertility is reversible

Moderate to Severe: Chronic pelvic pain, fatigue (tiredness): Infertility is irreversible

How to manage infertility in females?
infertility in females
  • Egg freezing is a procedure in which the surgeon removes the eggs from the ovary. Later the frozen eggs are thawed, fertilized with sperm in the lab to form embryos. It is placed in a woman’s uterus
  • Embryo freezing involves removing of eggs from the ovary. They are fertilized with sperm in the lab to form embryos and frozen for future use.
  • Ovarian shielding involves placing a protective cover over the ovaries and other parts of the reproductive system, to shield them from scatter radiation.
  • Ovarian tissue freezing is for young girls who haven’t gone through puberty and don’t have mature eggs. It involves surgically removing part or all of an ovary and then freezing the ovarian tissue, which contains eggs.
  • Ovarian transposition is a surgery to move the ovaries away from the part of the body receiving radiation.
  • Radical trachelectomy is a surgery to treat women with early-stage cervical cancer who would like to have children. The operation removes the cervix, nearby lymph nodes, and the upper part of the vagina. The surgeon attaches the uterus to the remaining part of the vagina, with a special band that serves as the cervix.
When to see a doctor?

Any female experiencing signs of infertility and who has been trying to conceive for more than a year (or 6 months if older than 35 years of age) should consult a doctor for a thorough diagnosis.

Sometimes there may be simple ways to make lifestyle adjustments to improve fertility, while other underlying causes may require treatment.

What causes infertility in females? 

Cancer treatments may harm reproductive organs and glands.

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