What is hypothyroidism?

When the thyroid does not make enough hormones, it is called underactive thyroid or hypothyroidism. The thyroid gland is located in the front lower part of your neck. The thyroid controls metabolism. It makes hormones that control heart rate, muscles, bones, and other organs.

Cancer and cancer treatment can cause problems in the body’s thyroid gland. It is a treatable condition. It can be controlled with medications and follow-up appointments with your healthcare provider.

How bad is my hypothyroidism?

Mild: Asymptomatic; clinical or diagnostic observations only; intervention not indicated,

Moderate: Symptomatic; thyroid replacement indicated; limiting instrumental activities of daily life (preparing meals, managing money, shopping, doing housework, and using a telephone).

Severe: Severe symptoms; limiting self-care activities of daily life (eating, dressing, getting into or out of a bed or chair, taking a bath or shower, and using the toilet). ; hospitalization indicated.

How to manage mild hypothyroidism?
  • Eat balanced diet. Monitor your iodine intake.
  • Exercise regularly with certain limits
  • Maintain a healthy body weight
  • Manage stress with yoga or meditation 
  • Practice restorative sleep habits 
How to manage moderate to severe hypothyroidism?

You should see your doctor if you have symptoms including:

What are the causes?
  • Certain medicines.
  • Radiation therapy.
  • Thyroid surgery.
  • Treatment for hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid).
  • An autoimmune disorder called Hashimoto’s disease.
  • Congenital disease. 
  • Pituitary disorder. 
  • Iodine deficiency

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