What is hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism is a disorder characterized by excessive levels of thyroid hormone in the body. An overactive thyroid gland makes and releases excessive thyroid hormone.

The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck, below Adam’s apple. The thyroid makes hormones that control the body’s metabolism. It affects heart rate and the function of other organs. It affects muscles, bones, and menstrual cycles.

How bad is my hyperthyroidism?

Mild: Asymptomatic; clinical or diagnostic observations only; intervention not indicated

Moderate: Symptomatic; thyroid suppression therapy indicated; limiting instrumental activities of daily life (preparing meals, managing money, shopping, doing housework, and using a telephone).

Severe: Severe symptoms; limiting self-care activities of daily life (eating, dressing, getting into or out of a bed or chair, taking a bath or shower, and using the toilet). ; hospitalization indicated

How to manage mild hyperthyroidism?
  • Eat low-iodine diet.
  • Include calcium rich food in your diet.
  • Get the Right Amount of Exercise
  • Manage stress level
  • Try nutritional supplements (vitamin C and D) under the guidance of the physician.
How to manage severe hyperthyroidism?

Call your doctor if you experience:

  • Change in consciousness
  • Dizziness
  • Rapid, irregular heartbeat
What causes hyperthyroidism?
  • Hyperfunctioning (overactive) thyroid nodules.
  • Weak immune system
  • Viral infection
  • High intake of iodine.
  • Noncancerous growths of the thyroid gland or pituitary gland
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Radiation therapy to the head, neck, or upper spine. 
  • A high dose chemotherapy.
  • Targeted therapy and Immunotherapy. 
  • Radiation therapy with radioactive iodine (RAI or I-131). 

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