Fall & related fracture

Fall & related fracture

Falls in older persons occur commonly and usually result in injury. Fracture is a finding of traumatic injury to the bone in which the continuity of the bone is broken.

People fall at every age, especially babies and older people( 65 and older). However, a fall at an older age can have serious consequences on your health and independence. It may cause a serious injury such as broken bones, a head injury, or a hip fracture.

How bad is my fall & related fracture?

FallTreatment Options
MildMinor with no resultant
injuries; intervention not
Asymptomatic; clinical or diagnostic observations only
ModerateSymptomatic; nonsurgical
intervention indicated
Symptomatic but non-displaced; immobilization indicated
SevereHospitalization indicated;
Surgical intervention
Displaced or open wound with bone exposure; limiting self-care ADL (eating, dressing, getting into or out of a bed or chair, taking a bath or shower, and using the toilet); operative intervention indicated

How to prevent fall and related fracture?

  • Get rid of things you could trip over.
  • Add handrails inside and outside your bathroom and next to the toilet.
  • Put railings on both sides of stairs.
  • Install good lighting in your home. A well-lit home will help you avoid tripping over objects.
  • Have your eyes checked by an eye doctor at least once a year, and be sure to update your eyeglasses if needed.
  • Exercises to make your legs stronger and improve your balance.
  • Use a walker if your doctor recommends it.

Managing fall and related fracture

Visit the doctor immediately if you notice

  • Heavy bleeding
  • Numbness at the site of trauma or surrounding area
  • Bruising
  • Edema (Swelling)
  • Misalignment or deformity
  • Protruding bone

What are the causes?

  • Balance problem(giddiness)
  • Fatigue (Tiredness) due to chemotherapy and radiation therapy
  • Muscle weakness(fatigue)
  • Long term health condition
  • Vision loss
  • Old age
  • Wet floors
  • Slippery rugs

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