Dizziness (Vertigo)

What is dizziness?
dizziness and vertigo

Dizziness is an umbrella term to describe a range of sensations, including feeling faint, woozy, weak, or unsteady. The false sense of spinning or moving is known as vertigo.

It is one of the more common reasons adults visit their doctors. Frequent dizzy spells or constant vertigo can affect daily life. It doesn’t signal a life-threatening condition.

How bad is my dizziness?

Mild: This means that you have lightheadedness. It can be safely managed at home. Follow the tips in the mild dizziness section below.

Moderate: You may have heavy-headedness and loss of balance. It may limit instrumental activities of daily life (preparing meals, shopping, doing housework, and using a telephone).

Severe: This means that you are having severe headaches and breathing problems. It may be an emergency and require additional medical interventions in some cases. It may limit self-care activities of daily life (eating, dressing, getting into or out of a bed, taking a bath or shower, and using the toilet). You should call your medical team for assistance immediately.

How to manage mild dizziness?

Steps to relieve dizziness include:

  • Lying down and closing the eyes
  • Acupuncture
  • Drinking plenty of water and keeping hydrated
  • Reducing stress plus alcohol and tobacco intake
  • Getting plenty of sleep
  • There are several therapeutic approaches Lying down and closing the eyes
  • Acupuncture
  • Drinking plenty of water and keeping hydrated
  • Reducing stress plus alcohol and tobacco intake
  • Getting plenty of sleep
  • There are several therapeutic approaches (head position maneuvers, balance therapy, or psychotherap) that can be used to help relieve dizziness.
How to manage moderate and severe dizziness?

Get emergency medical care if you experience:

  • Sudden, severe headache
  • Chest Pain
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Numbness or paralysis of arms or legs
  • Fainting
  • Double vision
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat
  • Confusion or slurred speech
  • Stumbling or difficulty walking
  • Ongoing vomiting
  • Seizures
  • A sudden change in hearing
  • Facial numbness or weakness
What causes dizziness?
  • Cancer treatments (radiation therapy, chemotherapy)
  • Neurological disorders.
  • Cardiovascular ailments (blood pressure).
  • Ear-related issues (from injury).
  • Head injuries or trauma.
  • Certain medications.
  • Pregnancy and other hormonal changes.

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